Emergency response

LWF World Service in Angola supports refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ongoing armed conflict between the government forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Kamuena Nsapu militia faction in Lunda Norte Province have triggered large displacements. As of April 2018, UNCHR reports that the population of concern in Angola reached 39,000 (primarily refugees and asylum seekers). In addition, 11,000 new arrivals are expected in 2018, mostly from the Kasai Region in DRC..

The situation in the camps is delicate as the access to basic services is limited. The situation is further compounded by the fact that the camps are over-crowded causing a lack of shelter, food, relief goods and poor sanitation. Protection is an issue as there are unaccompanied minors and violations of human rights, particularly with regards to the risk of repatriation.

ACT Angola Forum through the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) have responded to the ongoing crisis and provided basic needs such as shelter, water and sanitation, food, relief goods, protection of children, human rights and health care assistance for life-saving. UN Agencies such as UNHCR and UNICEF have already deployed their response, as have a number of other international NGOs.

Rebuilding and land rights

We are proud to be the longest serving international NGO in the country since establishing relief operations in 1986. Since the 27-year civil war ended in 2002, the people of Angola have worked to rebuild their nation and resettle close to five million people who fled the conflict. While peace over the past decade has set the scene for development at the country level, LWF’s priority in eastern Angola is helping  the most vulnerable realize their most basic rights.

With the diversification of the Angolan economy, large land occupation is becoming a growing threat in Moxico province. LWF has been supporting 32 villages to raise their awareness on land laws and accompany them in registering their farmers’ association lands as well as community land. LWF is following-up on cases of land conflicts, providing support to the communities and enhancing their means of getting their voice heard, up to the national level where needed. LWF has  also started to play a crucial role in bringing together civil society organizations working on land issues to articulate their voice and work more closely with the relevant Ministries to bring about policy reforms and an effective implementation of the land laws for the benefit of communities.

Community building

One of the most promising aspects of the LWF’s work is the long-term success found in creating village development committees.

Starting in 2006 – when no committees existed at the village level in LWF areas – we began working to organize communities to take responsibility for their own livelihoods and food security.

We facilitate opportunities for farmers’ associations to access government micro-credit schemes and agricultural resources by creating connections between village committees and the local government. In addition, we train communities in new farming techniques, vegetable gardening, and small business practices.

We also combine this effort with literacy training and are proud that the majority of our literacy students are women.

Land rights

In 2015, the LWF introduced a new community empowerment project focusing on safeguarding land rights - an important precondition for food security. In an attempt to resolve long-standing land issues in Angola resulting still from the country's colonial legacy, Angola enacted a new land law in 2004. More than 10 years later, the impact of the land is yet to be seen on the ground. Increased interest for agricultural land has complicated the situation for local communities, whose land largely remains subject to customary laws. LWF has started a project with communities in Moxico province, supporting people in the following areas:

  • awareness raising on land rights
  • women's empowerment
  • land registration and certification
  • community building through village development committees

Update 27 April 2018

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Video: Land grabbing in Angola – a growing threat

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