Situation overview

Following a March 2013 military coup, the Central African Republic saw an escalation of violence that often targeted civilians. The conflict escalated when anti-Balaka militant groups faced the ex-Séleka at the end of 2013, reaching unprecedented levels of violence and resulting in human rights abuses on both sides.

It is estimated the conflict produced over 426,200 internally displaced people in CAR, out of whom 60 percent are children. Around 460,500 have sought refuge in neighboring Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of Congo.

It is estimated that over half of CAR’s population need immediate assistance.

The security situation remains volatile and unpredictable. Violence, looting and killings continue in the capital Bangui and other parts of the country. The United Nations has launched a human rights investigation into the violence.

LWF response

Central African Republic

We are assisting internally displaced people (IDPs), affected communities and those returning home in the Nana Mambéré Ouham Pendé prefectures in the west of the country, with a focus on:

  • Protecting IDPs and vulnerable host communities affected by conflict and trauma
  • Creating safe conditions for the return of IDPs and refugees, including peace building and social cohesion efforts
  • Improving access to safe water and proper sanitation
  • Providing communities with the tools and ability to rebuild their homes
  • Supporting livelihoods and ensuring basic needs are met
  • Improving communities’ ability to cope with emergencies
  • Distributing cash and vouchers

Core activities include rehabilitating water points, offering material assistance, reconstructing shelters, providing psychosocial and livelihood projects, and training local staff and community trainers in emergency preparedness, eg food security, basic water, sanitation and hygiene amenities and health care.

With our partners, we continue to distribute emergency and hygiene kits, agricultural tools and seeds, and rehabilitate water resources and basic sanitation infrastructure.

Cameroon

Cameroun hosts the highest number of Central African Republic refugees in the region. As of 27 May 2015, there were 244,460 CAR refugees in Cameroon, principally in the regions bordering the CAR: Adamaoua, and the East and North regions. More arrive are still arriving daily.

The refugee population in Adamaoua and the North regions is 64,390 people and 72,773 in Lom and Djerem divisions in the East Region, according to UNHCR as of mid-March 2015. Refugees are settled in two sites, Borgop and Ngam, in the Adamaoua region, and Gado in the Lom and Djerem division. However, most refugees are settled in villages across Adamawa, North and Lom and Djerem. They are made up of former refugees and new arrivals from the December 2013 escalation of conflict in CAR.

CAR refugees in Cameroon have lost their livelihood as a result of the conflict. Many of them have settled in villages and sites among poor Cameroonian communities that have welcomed them. The presence of refugees has put increased pressure on the already minimal resources of host families. If not addressed, this could become a source of conflict.

The LWF has been assisting CAR refugees in Cameroon since October 2014, while also responding to the needs of the local population who are sharing their meager resources with the refugees. We focus in particular in:

  • Protecting refugees and vulnerable host communities affected by conflict and trauma
  • Improving access to safe water and proper sanitation in communities where refugees are hosted
  • Supporting livelihoods and ensuring basic needs are met
  • Providing new skills and tools to rebuild long term livelihoods
  • Promoting peaceful coexistence between refugee and local communities and identifying solutions to potential agro-pastoral conflicts
  • Addressing the environmental impact of refugee presence in sites and communities

Chad

As of 27 May 2015, Chad was hosting just over 94,000 refugees from CAR. Southern Chad, where the LWF operates, received 14,000 refugees from CAR in 2014. As refugees and Chadian returnees arrive with few or no personal belongings, LWF assistance includes hot meals and basic relief goods.

The LWF is assisting nearly 73,570 CAR refugees in five different camps, including nearly 2000 refugees in host communities. The LWF program emphasizes the participation of beneficiaries, accountability, “do no harm” and non-discrimination, and prioritizes children. We try to prevent tension between new arrivals and host communities. LWF’s interventions therefore includes providing food security and livelihood support, distributing food and other relief goods, building infrastructure, raising awareness about environmental protection and energy conservation, and offering vocational training in two centers.

We also provide psychosocial support, conflict prevention advice, and livelihood assistance for both the refugee population and host communities, as well as food distribution in form of cash voucher to Chadian returnees.

Coordination

We are coordinating operations with ACT Alliance members and exploring partnerships with UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP. We also work with the Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Central African Republic, NGOs and women’s groups.

Updated 2 June 2015

 

Funding partners include

  • ACT Alliance
  • Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe
  • EC Wuttemburg
  • German Federal Foreign Office
  • ICCO Cooperation
  • UN Common Humanitarian Fund
  • UNHCR


Clémence Caraux-Pelletan  
LWF country director