South Sudan achieved independence from Sudan in July 2011 after more than 20 years of civil war. Over 2.5 million people died as a result of the conflict, and millions more fled the violence.
Despite the referendum and South Sudan’s independence, Sudanese government troops and South Sudanese militias remain engaged in cross-border fighting. The ongoing conflict in South Kordofan has wreaked havoc on civilians and forced many to flee for their lives.
Heavy fighting broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013 and spread to other parts of the country, with clashes between supporters of the South Sudanese president and those of his deputy. Violence at that time claimed 10,000 lives, displaced an estimated 650,000 people and forced 125,000 to seek refuge to neighboring countries.
In July 2016, conflict again forced civilians to flee to neighbouring countries. The United Nations refugee agency UNHCR said 26,000 refugees crossed to Uganda in the week of July 18, with most coming through the Elegu collection center managed by LWF. Most were women and children.
What we’re doing in South Sudan
We’re responding to the current crisis with humanitarian assistance to people fleeing the fighting. The LWF received at least 12,000 of the refugees at Elegu, where it has built temporary shelters to accommodate new arrivals awaiting registration and transportation, maintains water and hygiene at the collection center and provides soap and sanitary materials to all households and to women, and dignity kits for women and girls. Special attention is given to people with special needs including unaccompanied minors, separated children, people with disabilities and victims of sexual and gender based violence.
In terms of long-term support, the LWF supports education and child protection in Gendrassa, Kaya and Yusuf Batil refugee camps in the Upper Nile. In Unity State LWF supports education and child protection in Ajoung Thok refugee camp. LWF aims to improve education, protection, resilience and psycho social well-being of children in the camp through 3 primary schools, one secondary school, child friendly spaces and community based protection systems within the refugee camp.
In 2014, 202 class 8 candidates were in Ajuong Thok were registered to sit for final examinations at Napata primary school. The high number of candidates is a result of the postponement of South Sudan National examinations following the political crisis in December, 2013. The examinations are managed by Unity State though LWF facilitated the transportation and execution of the process. The examination took place from 30th January to 2nd February, 2015.