The country of Mauritania continues to be affected by political instability and regional insecurity. The presence of armed groups in northern Mali has led to the displacement of tens of thousands into Mauritania, and an increase in military activity in the border area.
Opposition political parties in support of political reforms regularly demonstrate and cause civil unrest in the capital and other major cities.
The 2011-2012 Sahel drought affected more than 800,000 people in Mauritania causing widespread food insecurity and malnutrition.
What we’re doing in Mauritania
As the LWF partners with the people of Mauritania, we engage in both long-term development assistance and humanitarian action. We work through local partners and communities to support locally owned livelihood development, disaster risk reduction and preparedness, and health awareness.
We help women to achieve their rights and provide support for those who are most vulnerable like pregnant and lactating mothers. We develop initiatives for improved stoves and solar energy to reduce reliance on scarce natural resources.
As we save lives and the meet basic needs of refugees, we provide support through shelter projects, household items, and increased access to water. In addition, we empower people through relevant and timely assistance like cash transfers.
Mbera refugee camp
LWF is managing the M'bera refugee camp in Western Mauritania, which is effectively the fourth largest city in the country. The camp, which is located a two-day drive from the capital Nouakchott and 60 kilometers from the border to Mali, hosts more than 50,000 refugees who fled the violent conflict there in 2011. LWF Mauritania has been assisting with camp management since the camp was originally set up by the United National High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 2011. In addition to camp management, LWF is responsible for logistics and medical evacuations of the camp’s inhabitants.
As the camp is located in the Sahel, and to improve food security, LWF has been encouraging the refugees to start farming activities. The project MARCOL has a curriculum that includes preparing nurseries, seedling production, organic fertilization, cultivation and techniques such as drip-to-drip-irrigation that make the most of the meager water reserves in the area. The project targets 5,000 people from the camp and the host community, who will inturn share what they have learned with others.
LWF also initiated programs and projects to support host communities to sustain peaceful co-habilitation between the refugees and host communities.