Situation overview

Sudanese Refugees

During the onset of the Darfur conflict in 2003, thousands of refugees crossed the border into Chad. At present, there are approximately 350,000 Sudanese refugees in the eastern provinces of Chad, including people fleeing recent tribal clashes. This influx of refugees has created internal conflicts due to the competition for scarce services and natural resources in Chadian host communities.

IDPs

The increased internal conflicts and rebel attacks on villages led to the internal displacement of Chadians starting at the end of 2005. Since then the internally displaced person (IDP) population has grown to an estimated 181,000. From 2009 up to end of December 2012, 91,000 IDPs have returned to their home areas and 90,000 still remain in previous IDP sites, which will be integrated with nearby urban centers.

Refugees from Central African Republic

The 24 March 2013 coup d’état in the Central African Republic (CAR) caused an influx of refugees to the southern part of Chad, adding to the 58,000 people who had already settled in six camps after fleeing earlier fighting. Chad has received a further 13,000 CAR refugees as a result of the recent violence.


LWF response

The overall goal of the LWF operation in Chad is to help refugees, former IDPs, and host communities to live in dignity and harmony.

We are involved in ten refugee camps, two IDP integration sites, and 30 villages of return in three regions of the country (Koukou, Farchana, Gaga, Hadjer Hadid, Goz Beida, Maro, and Goré).

We have partnered with UNHCR since launching operations in Chad in 2007, and the various partnership agreements cover close to 80 percent of our operations.

Target population

  • Returnees in their villages of origin
  • Former IDPs in the integration towns | Koukou, Goz Beida, Farchana
  • CAR refugees in camps | Maro and Goré
  • Sudanese refugees | Farchana, Gaga, Bredjing, Trequine, Goz Amir & Djabal
  • Host communities | 500,000+ persons

UNHCR

  • Shelter and basic infrastructure for IDPs in their villages of return
  • Shelter, infrastructure, livelihood support, and alternative energy sources for the Sudanese refugees,
  • Livelihoods, environment, food, and non-food items for the CAR refugees
  • Vocational training for selected refugees and host communities

ACT Appeal Funding

  • Assist the affected populations with psycho-social support and activities
  • Assist the host communities with capacity building and construction of social infrastructure as part of conflict prevention and peace-building efforts
  • Engage in environmental activities such as use of improved fuel stoves and establishment of tree nurseries
  • Improve livelihoods through agricultural support and income generating activities
  • Strengthen local capacity to prevent sexual and gender-based violence, increase respect for human rights, and prevent the transmission of HIV and AIDS

Coordination

The LWF is one of the main implementing partners of UNHCR. We are a member of the CCO (Committee de Coordination des ONG) and attend its bi-monthly coordination meetings, as well as separate meetings on administration and security.

We represent the CCO in UN Humanitarian Country Team meetings on a rotating basis with six other NGOs. We are a member of the education, protection, and recovery clusters.

 

ACT Appeal

Towards Sustainable Recovery in Eastern and Southern Chad TCD131

Alert | Assistance to CAR and Sudanese refugees, and Host communities inside Chad (7 Jan 2014)


Contact

Dr Colette Bouka Coula, DWS Program Officer for West and Central Africa, and Francophone Countries

Jan Schutte, Country Representative